Research funded by US taxpayers must be made available to the American public for free within a year of publication, as outlined in a recent article published on Inside Higher Ed. In addition to posting the research itself, this new legislation requires publishing bodies to post metadata – including relevant information related to the research – so it will be discoverable through search engines. In Canada, depending on the funding body, the rules can be similar. For example, starting January 2013, publications receiving funding through the Canadian Institutes of Health Research are required to make their peer-reviewed research publicly available within 12 months of publication (see here). One more step down the road toward Open Access. And, thinking practically about all of this, in a time of fiscal uncertainty, should taxpayers really be paying twice for access to important (government-funded) research?
OA in the USA